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Directions: Reading Comprehension - read the following passage to answer the question below.

1Thomas Henry Huxley, an English biologist active in the 19th century, was known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his support of Charles Darwin's Theory of evolution.2 Huxley came to support Darwin’s findings as a result of his proximity to Darwin at the time. 3Huxley knew Darwin from a community of scientists and intellectuals at London's Royal Institution. 4In this closeness, Huxley gained exposure to Darwin's ideas before they became largely public.

5In his fourth review of The Origin of Species, Huxley coined the term, "Darwinism". 6The piece, which appeared in the April 1860 issue of the Westminster Review, remains influential as "Darwinism" has the same meaning today as it did then, roughly analogous to Natural Selection. 7Huxley also coined the term, "agnostic", sometime later that decade in response to the "gnostic" of Church history, the knowledge of existence.

8While it appears that "Agnosticism" necessarily opposes "Gnosticism" due to the negative prefix "a", Huxley's coinage is out of alignment with "Gnosticism", for "agnostic" opposes "gnosis", the mystical notion of spiritual knowledge, not necessarily all of the aspects of "Gnosticism", which include, amongst other tenets, that matter is evil.

9While Huxley may not have as grand a legacy as his intellectual contemporaries or forbears, such as Hume, Kant, or Darwin, his influence is nevertheless significant, as the terms "Darwinism" and "agnostic" are alive and well in the English language.

Select the sentence that best describes Huxley as an important intellectual figure. Enter the number in the blank below (Ex: 5).


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