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Directions: Reading Comprehension - select a single answer

Joseph Campbell, formerly a professor at Sarah Lawrence College, is perhaps best known for his book, The Hero with a Thousand Faces. The Hero with a Thousand Faces is a work of comparative mythology in which Campbell discusses the theory of the archetypal hero and monomyth.

The term monomyth suggests that the world's mythologies boil down to one story: where a hero departs from his homeland, faces some trial in a foreign land, and returns home to share his insights with others.

Within this cycle, the hero, during the climax of his trials, reaches an apotheosis, when he comes to view in a different way than when he started his journey, coming to think of others before himself.

Originally published in 1949, The Hero with a Thousand Faces has had a profound impact on popular culture, influencing such works as the Disney's Alladin, The Lion King, and the Star Wars and Matrix franchises. While J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter series closely adheres to many features of the monomyth, she has never acknowledged nor refused having read The Hero with a Thousand Faces.

Following the publication of The Hero With a Thousand Faces, Campbell also released The Masks of God, a four work volume written between 1962 and 1968, and The Power of Myth, a PBS television series and, later, a book, that was released in 1988, the year following his death.

The passage addresses which of the following aspects of monomyth?


the death of the mentor figure


Campbell's work at Sarah Lawrence College


comparative mythology




the financial viability of monomyth

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