Past Question by GRE Question a Day



Directions: Reading Comprehension - read the following passage to answer the question below.

One of the first uses of concentration camp as a military strategy was during the Boer War, which pitted the British against the Boers, Dutch South Africans, from 1899 to 1902. Unlike the use of concentration camps by the Nazis in World War II, these camps did not have annihilation of internees as an explicit object. Instead, dependents of Boer soldiers were rounded up and incarcerated. Because the costly war had reached a stalemate, the British theorized that, with their wives and children imprisoned and their farms destroyed, Boer soldiers would defect to reclaim their homes and families. While this tactic was effective on some levels, the poor conditions of the camps leads to widespread disease among the prisoners, resulting in an estimated 27,000 civilian deaths. When news of this blatant manipulation of dependents reached the international community, it exacerbated the prevailing anti-British sentiment and generated a domestic protest movement. While the British ultimately ended the camps and won the war, it foreshadowed the 20th century willingness to obscure any distinction between armed combatants and vulnerable civilians in the context of larger military objectives. It also exemplifies the pyrrhic nature of many victories in modern warfare.

The passage implies which of the following about the Boer War? Select a single answer choice.


A

The British were justified in using any means necessary because of the Boer's tactics.

B

The original intent of the concentration camp was to protect civilians from the brutal nature of war during the Boer War.

C

The Boer War marks a definitive shift in military tactics that continued into the next century.

D

Prior to the Boer War, civilians had not been causalities of war.

E

Defeating the Boer was a significant military victory for the British.



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